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Monitoring and controlling of Agricultural Field Environment

Platform : Embedded System Projects

AIM: The main aim of this project is to monitor and control the parameters of the agricultural field PURPOSE: The purpose of the project is to provide the details of soil fertility, temperature, humidity and to control these parameters. BLOCK DIAGRAM POWER SUPPLY: DESCRIPTION: Appropriate environmental conditions are necessary for optimum plant growth, improved Crop yields, and efficient use of water and other resources. Automating the data acquisition Process of the soil conditions and various climatic parameters that govern plant growth allows information to be collected at high frequency with less labor requirements. The existing systems employ PC for keeping the user continuously informed of the conditions inside the greenhouse; but are unaffordable, bulky, difficult to maintain and less accepted by the technologically unskilled workers. The objective of this project is to provide a combination of manual supervision and partial automation and is similar to manual set-up in most respects but it reduces the labor involved in terms of Irrigation design is simple, easy to install, microcontroller-based circuit to monitor and record the values of temperature, soil moisture (Transistor circuit) and light of the natural environment that are continuously modified and controlled in order optimize them to achieve maximum plant growth and yield. It communicates with the various sensor modules in real-time in order to control the greenhouse by actuating a cooler (fan), water pump (petro-card system), Buzzer and artificial lights (bulbs) respectively according to the necessary condition of the crops. An integrated Liquid crystal display (LCD) is also used for real time display of data acquired from the various sensors and the status of the various devices. Also, the use of easily available components reduces the manufacturing and maintenance costs. The design is quite flexible as the software can be changed any time. It can thus be made to the specific requirements of the user. This makes the proposed system to be an economical, portable and a low maintenance solution for greenhouse applications, especially in rural areas and for small scale agriculturists. Hardware components: • Microcontroller • Power supply • Sensors • ADC • Relay • LCD • Water pump • Cooler • Artificial lights Software tools: • Keil • Embedded C • Express PCB RESULT: With this project we can monitor and control the agricultural fields by using wireless RF technology.

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