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SM based Airport Automation.

Platform : ieee embedded projects

IEEE Projects Years : 2012

GSM BASED AIRPORT AUTOMATION

 

INTRODUCTION

             This project “GSM BASED AIRPORT AUTOMATION” is used in AIRPORT, at the time of the departure of the flight there are many things that needs to be taken care of ex: Runway clearance, Escalator, Baggage collection.

Considering all these factors we propose to make a prototype of an airport.

 

 

DESCRIPTION

              In a normal scenario, during the landing of aircraft there is only a verbal confirmation issued from the ATC (Air Traffic Controller) to the pilot. The plane after landing is then directed to a gate where it is parked and the passengers can come to the lounge to collect their baggage. Typically all the electric devices in the lounges are controlled manually and when a flight arrives they are activated and then later on they are deactivated. Also the baggage collection belts are always running. All these things lead to a lot of wastage of power and wrong happenings (considering accidents) owing to the human errors.

First we need to check the runway for the aircraft landing. For the demo purpose in this project we will be keeping IR transmitter & IR receiver facing each other on the either side of the runway. Pilot has to send landing request (message should be in specified format) to the base station. If there is no aircrafts on the runway means base station will send landing permit message to the pilot using GSM. In this project for the demo purpose aircraft landing is indicated by LED.

When the aircraft is landed escalator has to be send to the runway for the demo purpose we are indicating it by DC motor. We will be keeping one more IR obstacle sensor near the luggage counter when the luggage comes near the IR sensor that will be passed on the belt for the demo purpose we are indicating it by DC motor.

8051 architecture based AT89C52 microcontroller from ATMEL is used to implement this project. Microcontroller acts as the heart of this project, which Controls the whole system. It contains 256 RAM, 2k Flash, 2 Timers, 2 external interrupts, 1 UART, 32 GPIO’s, ISP programming support etc. KEIL IDE is used to program the microcontroller and the coding will be done using Embedded C.

 

BLOCK DIAGRAM

                                                                                    

 

       
     
 

IR TX

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPONENTS USED

  1. Microcontroller
  2. GPS Module
  3. Alpha numeric LCD 16x2
  4. DC MOTOR’s
  5. DC motor driver L293D
  6. LED
  7. IR Receiver & Transmitter
  8. IR obstacle sensor

 

SOFTWARES USED

  1. Embedded C
  2. Keil Compiler
  3. Orcad Capture
  4. Flash Magic
  5. HyperTerminal

 


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