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FAULT LINE ISOLATING AND REPORTING STSTEM

Platform : EMBEDDED

FAULT LINE ISOLATING AND REPORTING STSTEM

 

ABSTRACT

 

 

 

Our project is basically about preventing power flow in tripped overhead lines and also reporting the fault status to nearest Electricity Board (E.B) office automatically so that causalities can be prevented and faults can be cleared soon.

 

      

 

 The fault portions are sensed by the microcontroller ATMEL 89C51 and it activates the relay which trips the power flow in the faulty line. The microcontroller also finds the exact location of the line which has got tripped. This information is stored in microcontroller’s registers and they are sent to the E.B office through IR transmitter. There is another module installed in the E.B office with the microcontroller which is interfaced with IR receiver and display unit. The information is then displayed in the LCD display.

 

 

 

 

 

Project Objectives

 

     The objectives of the project are

 

  • To detect and trip the faulty portions in the over head  power lines in order to prevent casualties and
  • To notify the location of fault to the nearest Electricity Board (E.B) office automatically.

 

Project Overview

 

 

 

Our project consists of two modules. First module is placed near the power lines and the second module is placed in the EB office.

 

Power line module

 

The first module has the following components:

 

  •  Microcontroller (ATMEL 89C51)
  •  Optocoupler (MCT2E)
  •  Transistor array (ULN2003)
  •   RF transmitter
  •   Relay
  •   Power supply unit
  •   Buzzer

 

 

 

BLOCK DIAGRAM

 

 

 

 



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