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GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM USED FOR TRACTION OF TRAIN

Platform : EMBEDDED

GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM USED  FOR TRACTION OF TRAIN

 

This project titled “GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM USED FOR TRACTION OF TRAIN” deals in regularizing the traffic, signaling at the unmanned Railway gate and monitoring the location of the train to make it easy for the customers. The word Traction means “any operation related to the track”.

 

 

 

The main objective of the project is to avoid accidents at the unmanned railway gate, two trains coming on the same track, mismanagement during signaling and power transmission as no technology has evolved in monitoring the position of the train. This can be achieved by using the GPS.

 

Around the earth there are 24 satellites allocated to six orbits where each orbit consists of four satellites. The principle used to position and locate the objects is ‘Trilateration’.

 

This system is used for surveillance and to position the aircrafts at present. In other countries like United States, United Kingdom, Europe this system is followed to track the location of the trains and their position too. This project has been designed similarly to bring this state of art of technology to our country.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

 

 

Signaling is the method of regularizing the Railway track and the gate for the train to pass through without any problem. This project titled “GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM USED FOR TRACTION OF TRAIN” deals in regularizing the traffic, signaling at the unmanned Railway gate and monitoring the location of the train to make it easy for the customers. The word Traction means “any operation related to the track”.

 

 

 

The main objective of the project is to avoid accidents at the unmanned railway gate, two trains coming on the same track, mismanagement during signaling and power transmission as no technology has evolved in monitoring the position of the train. This can be achieved by using the GPS.

 

 

 

GPS- Global Positioning System plays vital role in finding out the position of a moving object in the globe. GPS system saves time, life, cost in many ways to the society along with greater security. Worldwide for almost all the surveillance need people started using GPS. It consists of a sensing system coupled with a local transmitter, base station to receive various transmissions from different locations, a satellite for communication, a computer along with powerful software for proper informative needs and decision making.

 

 

 

Presently, the method used for signaling at both manned and unmanned railway gate are through telephones, where information are passed and warning bells for the gatekeepers to close the gate that lead to major accidents. The technology that we have used in our project is the advance embedded controller interfaced with the PC. The following are the objectives of this project:

 

 

 

      • Wireless sensor networking (WSN)
      • Developing Virtual instrumentation system for GPS.
      • Prevention of accidents
      • Identifying the faulty tracks
      • Identifying two trains on the same track
      • Tripping of HT during abnormal conditions
      • Low power gate drive mechanism
      • To avoid accidents at the unmanned gate.
      • Regularization of the rail traffic.
      • Assuring the entire train passing
      • Annunciation of an ongoing.
      • Speed indication on to the stations.
      • Developing integrative hardware network.
      • Real time sensor model is developed.
      • Animation and graphics.

 

 

 

 

 

Automatic traction system has sensors placed at the 2nd, 4th and 6th Kilometers on either side of the unmanned railway gate. The sensor placed at the 6th Kilometers is a metal detector. This detects the presence of the train and the information is passed to the control room, also a voice output stating the arrival of the train at the 6th kilometer is heard. When the train approaches the 4th Kilometer, its presence is sensed by the IR Sensor and simultaneously the gate is initiated to close. The gate closes completely when the train is between 2nd and 4th kilometer. Light indicating signaling, is conveyed at the 2nd kilometer IR Sensor for the extreme safety. Now the train crosses the gate without any problem and when the last bogie of the train passes the 4th kilometer sensor on the other side of the gate, the gate opens automatically.

 

 

 

In the case of any problem, the information is passed to the control room. This is an indication for the persons at the control room to clear the obstacle at the gate.  An indication to the driver to stop the train is that the red light at the 2nd kilometer glows. Thus effective and efficient signaling is done near the unmanned railway gate and accidents are avoided.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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