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TOPOLOGY CONTROL IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS WITH COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATIONS

Platform : DOT NET

IEEE Projects Years : 2012 - 13

TOPOLOGY CONTROL IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS WITH COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATIONS

Abstract

Cooperative communication has received tremendous interest for wireless networks. Most existing works on cooperative communications are focused on link-level physical layer issues. Consequently, the impacts of cooperative communications on network-level upper layer issues, such as topology control, routing and network capacity, are largely ignored. In this article, we propose a Capacity-Optimized Cooperative (COCO) topology control scheme to improve the network capacity in MANETs by jointly considering both upper layer network capacity and physical layer cooperative communications. Through simulations, we show that physical layer cooperative communications have significant impacts on the network capacity, and the proposed topology control scheme can substantially improve the network capacity in MANETs with cooperative communications.

Topology Capacity-Optimized Cooperative (COCO):

A Capacity-Optimized Cooperative (COCO) topology control scheme to improve the network capacity in MANETs by jointly optimizing transmission mode selection, relay node selection, and interference control in MANETs with cooperative communications. Through simulations, we show that physical layer cooperative communications have significant impacts on the network capacity, and the proposed topology control scheme can substantially improve the network capacity in MANETs with cooperative communications.

Existing System

Most existing works are focused on link-level physical layer issues, such as outage probability and outage capacity. Consequently, the impacts of cooperative communications on network-level upper layer issues, such as topology control, routing and network capacity, are largely ignored. Indeed, most of current works on wireless networks attempt to create, adapt, and manage a network on a maze of point-to-point non-cooperative wireless links. Such architectures can be seen as complex networks of simple links.

Disadvantages:

1. Low Network Capacity.

2. Communications are focused on physical layer issues, such as decreasing outage probability

and increasing outage capacity, which are only link-wide metrics.

Proposed System

We propose a Capacity-Optimized Cooperative (COCO) topology control scheme to improve the network capacity in MANETs by jointly considering both upper layer network capacity and physical layer cooperative communications. Through simulations, we show that physical layer cooperative communications have significant impacts on the network capacity, and the proposed topology control scheme can substantially improve the network capacity in MANETs with cooperative communications.

Advantages:

1. Improve the network capacity in MANETs.

2. Dynamic traffic pattern and dynamic network without a fixed infrastructure.

3. There are a source, a destination and several relay nodes.

4. Cooperation can benefit not only the physical layer, but the whole network in many different aspects.

Modules:

1. Transmission in MANETs

2. Network Constraints

3. Relaying Strategies

4. Cooperative Communications

5. Multi-hop Transmission

1. Transmission in MANETs:

With physical layer cooperative communications, there are three transmission manners in MANETs: direct transmissions, multi-hop transmissions and cooperative transmissions. Direct transmissions and multi-hop transmissions can be regarded as special types of cooperative transmissions. A direct transmission utilizes no relays while a multi-hop transmission does not combine signals at the destination. In Fig. 1c, the cooperative channel is a virtual multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel, where spatially distributed nodes are coordinated to form a virtual antenna to emulate multiantenna transceivers.

2. Network Constraints:

Two constraint conditions need to be taken into consideration in the proposed COCO topology control scheme. One is network connectivity, which is the basic requirement in topology control. The end-to-end network connectivity is guaranteed via a hop-by-hop manner in the objective function. Every node is in charge of the connections to all its neighbors. If all the neighbor connections are guaranteed, the end-to-end connectivity in the whole network can be preserved. The other aspect that determines network capacity is the path length. An end-to-end transmission that traverses more hops will import more data packets into the network. Although path length is mainly determined by routing, COCO limits dividing a long link into too many hops locally.

The limitation is two hops due to the fact that only two-hop relaying is adopted.

3. Relaying Strategies:

• Amplify-and-forward

• Decode-and-forward

In amplify-and-forward, the relay nodes simply boost the energy of the signal received from the sender and retransmit it to the receiver. In decode-andforward, the relay nodes will perform physical-layer decoding and then forward the decoding result to the destinations. If multiple nodes are available for cooperation, their antennas can employ a space-time code in transmitting the relay signals. It is shown that cooperation at the physical layer can achieve full levels of diversity similar to a MIMO system, and hence can reduce the interference and increase the connectivity of wireless networks.

4. Cooperative Communications:

Cooperative transmissions via a cooperative diversity occupying two consecutive slots. The destination combines the two signals from the source and the relay to decode the information. Cooperative communications are due to the increased understanding of the benefits of multiple antenna systems. Although multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems have been widely acknowledged, it is difficult for some wireless mobile devices to support multiple antennas due to the size and cost constraints. Recent studies show that cooperative communications allow single antenna devices to work together to exploit the spatial diversity and reap the benefits of MIMO systems such as resistance to fading, high throughput, low transmitted power, and resilient networks.

5. Multi-hop Transmission:

Multi-hop transmission can be illustrated using two-hop transmission. When two-hop transmission is used, two time slots are consumed. In the first slot, messages are transmitted from the source to the relay, and the messages will be forwarded to the destination in the second slot. The outage capacity of this two-hop transmission can be derived considering the outage of each hop transmission.

HARDWARE & SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:

· System : Pentium IV 2.4 GHz.

· Hard Disk : 40 GB.

· Ram : 512 MB.

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:

· Operating system : Windows XP Professional.

· Coding Language : C#.NET



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