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SECURED POWER TRANSMISSION WITH LOSS ANALYSIS

Platform : EMBEDDED

IEEE Projects Years : 2012-13

SECURED POWER TRANSMISSION WITH LOSS ANALYSIS

 

AIM:

     The aim of the project work is to monitor the load dispatched at the substation Vs total power consumption by all the users. Once if the above things are equal, the system is ok. If not, we have to find out where the loss occurred.

PURPOSE:

     The purpose of the project is to improve utilization of power for the existing system to save cost and to avoid the loss of source power.          

     

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

CONTROL   SECTION:

 

 

 

 

 

SUBSTATION SECTION:

 

Power Supply:

 

 
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 DESCRIPTION:

      In this project a ZIGBEE communication system was developed in such a way that it will monitor the load of the substation continuously and that information is transferred to the control room. This system is based on a low-cost electronic device that can acquire and pre-process current & voltages and transmit processed key-information related to the load operation conditions. Information about operating parameters of loads can be sent to a central processing unit allowing knowledge of key-information of the load.

 

      In this project work, for the demonstration purpose a small step-down transformer of 12V, 1 amps rating at secondary is considered and small bulbs are connected as a load.   In this project we are using current and voltage sensors for measuring load current and voltage respectively. All these parameters are converted into digital value by using ADC.  If the parameters of the loads exceed the threshold value or any loss occurred then immediately the relays at the substation get tripped automatically and the location of fault area will be displayed on LCD & PC. This location can be finding using GPS. About all the parameters of load values are continuously transmitted to control section using Zigbee communication. With the help of this kind of system, the maintenance staff of the department can have a continuous vigilance over the transformer. 

 

     HARDWARE COMPONENTS:

  • Microcontrollers
  • Power supplies
  • Relays
  • Loads
  • ADC
  • LCDs
  • Zigbee Transceivers
  • Current Sensors
  • Voltage sensors
  • GPS
  • MAX 232
  • PC

  SOFTWARE TOOLS:    

  • Keil micro vision
  • Embedded C
  • Express PCB

 

 APPLICATIONS:

  • This project is used for protecting Transformers in sub stations, generating stations etc.
  • Used for Industrial protection

 

RESULT:

       Hence, by implementing this project we can monitor the different parameters of loads using ZIGBEE Technology.


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