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PC BASED TRANSFORMER MONITORING AND PROTECTION

Platform : EMBEDDED

IEEE Projects Years : 2012-13

PC BASED TRANSFORMER MONITORING AND PROTECTION

 

AIM:

  The aim of the project work is to protect the distribution transformer or any other power transformer, burning due to the overload. 

 

 

PURPOSE:

             The purpose of this project is to design a system to  monitor and protect the transformer from over loads .

 

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POWER SUPPLY:

 

 
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


DESCRIPTION:

 

Normally most of the transformers are burning because of over load; hence by incorporating monitoring and control circuits, life of the transformer can be increased..

 

 In this project we designed a system in such a way that it will monitor the load of the transformer continuously and that information is transferred to the control room. In the main station these parameters are displayed on the PC monitor. In the display unit we can view the continuous information of transformer i.e. due to what reason the transformer has been failed, when the power is resumed etc.,.  With the help of this kind of system, the maintenance staff of the department can have a continuous vigilance over the transformer. 

 

In this project work, for the demonstration purpose a small step-down transformer of 12V, 1 amps rating at secondary is considered and small bulbs are connected as a load.   In this project we are using current sensing circuitry senses transformer for measuring load current. All these parameters are converted into digital value by using ADC.  If the parameters of the transformer (Current) regain the limited range values then Transformer will automatically shutdown. Microcontroller near the transformer section will continuously transmit all the parameters of the transformer to PC of control room.

 

Hardware Components:

 

â          Microcontroller

â          Transformer

  • Load
  • Power supply

 

SOFTWARE TOOLS:    

  • Keil u-vision
  • Embedded ‘C’
  • Express PCB

 

Applications:

â          Industrial areas

â          Agricultural areas

â          Shopping malls

 

RESULT:

    By this project we can implement a system to protect the distribution transformer or any other power transformer, burning due to the over 


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