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Wireless Critical Process Control in oil and gas refinery plants

Platform : EMBEDDED

IEEE Projects Years : 2012 - 13

Wireless Critical Process Control in oil and gas refinery plants

 

                                                                     

 

                                          The increasing demand of oil and gas supplies frequently requires the design and execution of very large production and processing plants over remote locations with harsh environmental conditions and challenging logistics. The adoption of cabling to fully interconnect machines and monitor/control large number of processes is becoming unfeasible due to the high fluctuations of installed industrial wiring costs. The opportunity to replace cabling by deploying a wireless sensor network (WSN) is now becoming of strategic interest for most oil contractor projects. The installation of wireless sensors may give significant cost savings for a variety of typical plants such as revamping/expansions of existing facilities, storage tanks, utilities like water treatment, interconnecting lines, manifolds, high stacks, etc ... In addition, the full plant coverage with WiFi (or) WSN opens the door to many new applications which are going to be requested by the end users in the near future.here we deployed zigbee based WSN is less expensive and cost effective when compared with WIFI.

 

                                                          Wireless telemetry systems are now becoming a relevant topic in the field of critical process control in industrial plants and oil/gas refineries. In contrast to wire line communication, wireless links are inherently unreliable. This unreliability depends critically on the propagation environment of the radio-links as the layout of scattering objects (pipes and metallic structures) influences the strength and the fluctuations of the received signal power. The development of next generation critical process control systems using the wireless technology calls for the design of advanced network architectures. Here we use level sensor for continuously monitor  the oil in  storage tanks on the other hand we monitor any gas leak in gas storage tanks using gas sensors .hence up to n no’s  networks can established using zigbee technology which in turn supports WSNs. The installation of wireless control networks in oil&gas refinery plants is expected to give significant cost/logistic savings in several applications.



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