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A Remote Home Security System Based on Wireless Sensor Network and GSM Technology

Platform : EMBEDDED

IEEE Projects Years : 2012 - 13

A Remote Home Security System Based on Wireless

Sensor Network and GSM Technology

 

ABSTRACT

 

                                                            Wireless sensor network is composed of a large amount of miniature self-organizing wireless sensor nodes. By combining three kinds of technology such as sensor, micromechatronics and wireless communication, WSN can detect, collect and deal with the object information in its covering area, and send data to the observer. In a word, WSN technology has the advantages of wide covering area, able to remote monitoring, high monitoring precision, fast network establishment and reasonable cost.

 

                                                            Safety is the most important requirement of home for people. With the development of IT technology, network and automatic control technology, a remote home security monitoring and alarming system becomes more and more practicable today. By combining wireless sensor network (WSN) and GSM technology, this paper designs a low-power consumption remote home security monitoring and alarming system that can detect the theft, leaking of raw gas and fire, and send alarm message to the house owner’s mobile phone.

 

                                                                          The system structure is composed of the MCU-based home wireless control center, one WSN center node module, and several data collecting nodes, GSM module, GSM network and mobile phone. The WSN data collecting node modules are connected with Infrared detector, Temperature sensor OR PIR  sensor, Smoke detector. When the infrared detector finds that some people intrudes into the house abnormally or when the temperature sensor detects too high indoor temperature and at the same time, when the gas sensor detects over proof combustible gas concentration the sensors will send encoded alarm signal to the home control center through the wireless sensor network established in home. Once the wireless control center receives alarm signal, it will send alarm short message to the users through the GSM module and GSM network immediately. Here we use GSM for prototype development.

 

 



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