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GPS-GSM Integration for Enhancing Public Transportation Management Services

Platform : EMBEDDED

IEEE Projects Years : 2012 - 13

GPS-GSM Integration for Enhancing Public Transportation Management Services

With the increasing number of people in opportunistic cities existing problem of poor transportation services has grown to an alarming extent. Due to non-availability of prior information about the buses arrival schedule, people have to wait longer on bus stops especially in morning when they have to reach the offices in time. The buses are overloaded for most of the times which often results in some kind of fault occurrence in buses and people get late further. In addition, rapid population growth and spatial expansion in main cities  is adversely affecting this ratio. Consequently th dissatisfaction with the level and quality of public transportation service has lead those people who can afford it to turn to private modes of transportation. Owing to poor infrastructure of roads in country, the annual growth rate of vehicles has created problems in controlling the traffic flow resulting in traffic congestion on roads. Also with the increased number of vehicles, the content of carbon mono-oxide and particulates matter concentration is found to be 10 times higher than World Health Organization (WHO) in central parts of some major metropolitan cities  thereby deteriorating the environment and causing lung diseases This paper proposes and implements a solution for enhancing public transportation management services based on GPS and GSM.

                                                    

                                                            The system consists of three modules: BUS Station Module, In-BUS Module, BASE Station Module (mobile). BUS station module  Equipped with PC and GSM modem and the controller , BUS Station Module sends the initialization information containing the status command  to In-BUS Module . The microcontroller based In-BUS Module consisting mainly of a GPS receiver and GSM modem then starts transmitting its location and number of passengers to BUS Station Module. BUS Station Module equipped with a microcontroller unit and GSM modems interfaced to PCs is designed to keep track record of every bus, processes user request about a particular bus location out of BUS Station and updates buses location on bus stops. BASE Station Module which is a mobile can get the status of the BUS as a message when given miscall to it. The results have shown that the developed system is useful for facilitating people using public transportation services.



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