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ROLE OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS IN FOREST FIRE PREVENTION

Platform : EMBEDDED

IEEE Projects Years : 2012 - 13

Role of Wireless Sensor Networks in Forest Fire Prevention

                                                                     The happenings of Forest Fire troubled every country all along, which caused great losses every year. It said that the constant high temperature and drought ,as well as the precipitation decreased ,resulted in the high forest fire weather rating some provinces and regions of southern. In addition, the growth of the moor bums which was brought about by farmers lead to the number of forest fire increased rapidly. Forest fire causes the timber to reduce the quantity and quality, so that a large number of animal and plant deaths, destruction of nature and ecological balance, even small climate change of the forest. Above all, the prevention of the occurrence of forest fires is significant. Traditionally, fire prediction can only analyzed and calculated the predicted weather conditions to get a rough and rigid fire index value. What's more, it used the traditional manual inspection methods which can't realize on-site and real-time monitoring and control. In recent years, because of the rapid development of sensors, microprocessors, and network technology, a reliable technological condition has been provided for our automatic real-time monitoring of forest fires control.

 

                                                                       This paper presents a new type of early warning systems which use a wireless sensor network to collect the information from the smoke and which are interfaced to the gsm modem of the network of forest area. Wireless sensor nodes constitute a "smart" monitoring and control network through the self-organization and transmits the messages to the control center through the network, thus we can achieve the remote control of the forest fire. Thus we can achieve the remote control of the forest fire.

 

 

 

 

 



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